Unconsciousness / passed out / Coma

1: Kissing the pavement - passing out.

If the person is wobbly on their feet, sit them down. Don't give them anything to eat or drink.

If they've passed out try to wake them by shaking their shoulders and gently slapping their face. If there's no response check to see if they're still breathing. If not you have a real emergency on your hands. Feel for a pulse with your index finger (not your thumb)

image from wikihow

If there is no sign of life, they might need Mouth-to-mouthresuscitation and if there's no heart beat,they might need CPR. If you're interested to learn how to do those, follow the links but it's a bit beyond basic first aid. If you're in this situation, definately call an ambulance. If there's no injury you can move them.

If they are still breahting though, and they usually are, it's time to learn the recovery position, its easy enough to do, see the diagram at the top of the page. Basically what you do is to roll the patient on his or her side, pull an arm and a leg out to stop them rolling all the way over and push their head back slightly.

The point of this is that if the patient is sick, they won’t choke and die.

Next question is, why have they passed out? If there's a friend nearby, try to find out if the person has taken anything and call an ambulance if it sounds serious.

Even at parties, people can pass out for other serious reasons. If the person has had a stroke or other serious condition, it is vital to get help to them as fast as possible.

It is worth noting however that passing out is very normal with beer monsters / piss heads or whatever you like to call drinkers and also people who take ketamine, but not it's really what you would call "normal" for people who have taken any other kind of drug unless it's an overdose.

Although piss heads often think it's funny when people pass out, it can be very serious if they're sick when unconscious, which is why putting them in the recovery position is important. it is very possible to die from an overdose of alcohol.

When giving help to drunk people like this, be very careful of other drunks around you. Alcohol often makes people violent and you should never put yourself at risk.

Always call an ambulance if you're in any doubt.

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