Guide to saving lives.
the way it might feel at times, gravity carries on working in much the same way
as normal, as do things like fire, sharp objects and so on, no matter how much
of a good time you've been having.
you'll see people injuring themselves and, like it or not, the first person on
the scene can sometimes be the only hope the casualty has of survival, it does
happen, quite a lot actually.
as well, that first person on the scene just turns out to be you or me. If that
happens, this is what you should do.
to do if someone:
2: Has broken bones
3: Suffers burns
for the accident victim:
can be caused by blood loss, loss of body fluid and severe pain amongst other
things. If the person is going into shock, they will look pale or grey, their
skin will feel cold and clammy and they'll sweat a lot. Also they might feel sick
(and might be sick), complain of thirst and feel anxious, the pulse speeds up
and gets shallower, breathing becomes shallow and rapid. They may lose consciousness.
the injury and lay the casualty down, if he's gong to be sick, place in the recovery
position. If he complains of thirst, moisten the lips with water but don't
give them a drink. Don't let them smoke and don't give them any drugs. Get them
off to hospital as quickly as possible. If someone can comfort the person it will
help, talk in a low voice, cradle his head. Keep the environment calm, move the
onlookers away, if there's loud music get it turned off.
the first aider
you're involved in a nasty accident (especially if you see it happen), then you
are likely to suffer a form of shock yourself, its called "post traumatic stress
disorder". It will catch up with you sometime later and you'll know when
you get it, you'll have nightmares and a strange guilty conscience. This is quite
natural and it will pass. The best way to deal with it is to have someone to talk
to, better is to take the name of the accident casualty at the time of the accident
and make contact with them afterwards. This bad feeling is much reduced if you
know in your heart you did everything you could do at the time.
Knowing basic first
aid like this really can mean the difference between life and death, the other
difficult bit though is actually going through with it, but you'll be surprised
at what you can do if you have to.
you may come under pressure to move the casualty to somewhere else. If you think
the injury is serious - particularly with falls and serious cuts where there is
a lot of blood loss - stand your ground and don't let anyone try to move him or
her. As the first aider, you are in charge, be firm, stand your ground.
As soon as someone
who knows what they're doing turns up - stay around to help, but don't get in
though - the most important bit. If you think you need an ambulance - get one,
it will go away again if its not needed and no-one will complain, but do stay
around to explain what happened to the crew.
biggest and by far the most important thing you can do in an emergence is to get
things under control. If people are panicing, things are likely to get much worse.
Getting the situation under control is 90% of solving the emergency, so do it.
If you shout "Help
this guy's dying" it might upset the person you're trying to help and panic
everyone else, so stay calm. It might help to keep saying to yourself - “Don't
usually happens in a situation like this is people gather around to "rubber neck"
- to see what happens, then half a dozen people start giving advice all at the
same time. The best thing to do AT ONCE is to assume control, clear people away
from the accident and don't let anyone touch the person till you've found out
what's happened and have checked them out. If there is anyone there who knows
better than you do, they'll make themselves known in a quiet way, accept their
help. Ask everyone if they know the person, if a friend is there, ask them to
stay and if possible, help.
times like this a mobile phone comes in useful, so if you don't have one a good
thing to ask people as they gather round to look is “has anyone got a mobile?”.
Before making the phone call though, check the situation out so you know what
to tell the operator and be sure you know where you are so you can give the address
clearly. Believe it or not, you don't actually know where you are most of the
time - at lest not well enough to describe over the phone - so get that sorted
before making the call.
you have to make a choice between two injured people, go to the quiet one first,
someone making a lot of noise is still alive.
the casualty has fallen or been hit by something or there's a lot of blood - don't
move them yet.
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